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Wuchi Road, a recorder of horse caravan in Yunnan

By : InKunming | Published: 2012-December-19

A tourist poses with several caravan sculptures in Doushaguan old town of Yanjin County in Zhaotong, Yunnan Province, December 17. [Xinhua]

A man leading a horse walks on the Wuchi road in Doushaguan old town of Yanjin County in Zhaotong, Yunnan Province, December 17. [Xinhua]

As a vital communication hub on the Silk Road in Southern China, Doushaguan (豆沙关) old town has been playing an important role in recording traces of horse caravan in the old days. Speaking of the old town, it is necessary to mention Wuchi road (五尺道). Built in Qin Dynasty (221–206 B.C.), the road has a long history of over 2300 years, with a length of 350 meters and a width of 1.7 meters.

Starting from Xi'an in Shanxi Province, it passes through Yibin in Sichuan Province, Yanjin County, Daguan County, Yiliang County and Zhaoyang District in Zhaotong, Qujing City, Dongchuan District and ends in Kunming. The road saw its period of great prosperity in Qing Dynasty(1644-1911). Thousands of horse caravans passed here, carrying lots of necessaries of life transported from the outside, such as salt, sugar, ironware, cloth, silk etc. Local products including mushrooms, meat, wood paint and leather goods were all exported by numerous horse caravans. Due to a rugged road conditions, the caravan had become the center of bartering at that time. They often go out early and come back at dusk. Caravansaries and courier stations were set at every traffic intersections for rest. Today, it still stick to its post, staying its pristine look and telling people about the story of horse caravan.

Travel tips of Doushaguan old town:

Free admission ticket

Local cuisines: black-bone chicken, soaked bean-noodles, bacon etc

Accommodation: inns with price of 30-60 yuan per person.

Drive along 213 National Rd or take train (Neijiang-Kunming Railway).

5. Scenic spots: Old castles of Sui dynasty, Stone Pagoda of Qing Dynasty etc.

(Editors:Hysung, Minnie Mao)

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